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J Med Chem. 1999 Feb 25;42(4):722-9.

Phosphotyrosine-containing dipeptides as high-affinity ligands for the p56lck SH2 domain.

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Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals Inc., 175 Briar Ridge Road, Ridgefield, Connecticut 06877, USA.


Src homology-2 (SH2) domains are noncatalytic motifs containing approximately 100 amino acid residues that are involved in intracellular signal transduction. The phosphotyrosine-containing tetrapeptide Ac-pYEEI binds to the SH2 domain of p56lck (Lck) with an affinity of 0.1 microM. Starting from Ac-pYEEI, we have designed potent antagonists of the Lck SH2 domain which are reduced in peptidic character and in which the three carboxyl groups have been eliminated. The two C-terminal amino acids (EI) have been replaced by benzylamine derivatives and the pY + 1 glutamic acid has been substituted with leucine. The best C-terminal fragment identified, (S)-1-(4-isopropylphenyl)ethylamine, binds to the Lck SH2 domain better than the C-terminal dipeptide EI. Molecular modeling suggests that the substituents at the 4-position of the phenyl ring occupy the pY + 3 lipophilic pocket in the SH2 domain originally occupied by the isoleucine side chain. This new series of phosphotyrosine-containing dipeptides binds to the Lck SH2 domain with potencies comparable to that of tetrapeptide 1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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