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J Med Chem. 1999 Feb 25;42(4):628-37.

Design, synthesis, and dopamine receptor modulating activity of spiro bicyclic peptidomimetics of L-prolyl-L-leucyl-glycinamide.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry and The Biomedical Engineering Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.


In the present study, the synthesis of the 5.5.6. and 5.6.5. spiro bicyclic lactam PLG peptidomimetics, compounds 3 and 4, respectively, was undertaken. These peptidomimetics were designed to examine the following: (1) the effect that changing the size of the thiazolidine and lactam ring systems would have on the ability of these systems to mimic the type-II beta-turn and (2) the effect that these structural perturbations would have on the ability of the peptidomimetics to modulate dopamine receptors. Through the use of the [3H]spiroperidol/N-propylnorapomorphine (NPA) dopamine D2 receptor competitive binding assay, 3 and 4, at a concentration of 100 nM, decreased the dissociation constant of the high-affinity state of the dopamine receptor for the agonist. These effects were observed when either Gpp(NH)p was absent or present and they were comparable to those produced by PLG at a concentration of 1 microM. Peptidomimetics 3 and 4 also increased the percentage of D2 receptors that existed in the high-affinity state. Even with Gpp(NH)p present, 3 and 4 were able to return the RH/RL ratios to values observed in the respective controls where Gpp(NH)p was absent. Furthermore, both peptidomimetics were able to attenuate the Gpp(NH)p-induced shift to the low-affinity state to a greater extent than PLG. Peptidomimetics 3 and 4 were evaluated in vivo as modulators of apomorphine-induced rotational behavior in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat model of hemiparkinsonism, and each affected the rotational behavior in a bell-shaped dose-response relationship producing increases of 95 +/- 31% (0.01 mg/kg, ip) and 88 +/- 14% (0.001 mg/kg, ip), respectively. In comparison, the previously reported 5.5.5. spiro bicyclic lactam 2 increased rotational behavior by 25 +/- 11% (0.01 mg/kg, ip).

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