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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1998 Dec;42(6):821-4.

In-vitro selection of porin-deficient mutants of two strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae with reduced susceptibilities to meropenem, but not to imipenem.

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Department of Clinical Microbiology, Albert Szent-Györgyi Medical University, Hungary.


We have evaluated the ability of imipenem and meropenem to select, in vitro, resistant mutants of two clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing both SHV and TEM beta-lactamases. Only meropenem selected mutants of both isolates for which the MICs of meropenem, but not imipenem, were markedly higher than those for the parent strains; the MICs of several other beta-lactam antibiotics, including beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations, for these mutants were also higher than those for the parent strains. In contrast, the MICs for the imipenem-selected mutants were the same as, or similar to, those for the parent strains. Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis revealed that an outer membrane protein in both parent strains was absent in the meropenem-selected mutants, but not in the imipenem-selected mutants. This protein is likely to be a porin, the absence of which is presumably associated with impaired beta-lactam permeability and, therefore, the reduced susceptibilities to these antibiotics exhibited by the mutant strains. We believe that this is the first report of the in-vitro selection of porin-deficient mutants of K. pneumoniae following exposure to meropenem.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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