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Nat Biotechnol. 1999 Feb;17(2):181-6.

Targeted adeno-associated virus vector transduction of nonpermissive cells mediated by a bispecific F(ab'gamma)2 antibody.

Author information

1
Gene Therapy Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-7352, USA. jbart@med.unc.edu

Erratum in

  • Nat Biotechnol 1999 Apr;17(4):393.

Abstract

We have developed a system for the targeted delivery of adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors. Targeting is achieved via a bispecific F(ab')2 antibody that mediates a novel interaction between the AAV vector and a specific cell surface receptor expressed on human megakaryocytes. Targeted AAV vectors were able to transduce megakaryocyte cell lines, DAMI and MO7e, which were nonpermissive for normal AAV infection, 70-fold above background and at levels equivalent to permissive K562 cells. Transduction was shown to occur through the specific interaction of the AAV vector-bispecific F(ab')2 complex and cell-associated targeting receptor. Importantly, targeting appeared both selective and restrictive as the endogenous tropism of the AAV vector was significantly reduced. Binding and internalization through the alternative receptor did not alter subsequent steps (escape from endosomes, migration to nucleus, or uncoating) required to successfully transduce target cells. These results demonstrate that AAV vectors can be targeted to a specific cell population and that transduction can be achieved by circumventing the normal virus receptor.

PMID:
10052356
DOI:
10.1038/6185
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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