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J Photochem Photobiol B. 1998 Nov;47(1):58-62.

Distribution and pharmacokinetics of Photofrin in human bile duct cancer.

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Institute for Surgical Research, University of Munich, Klinikum Grosshadern, Germany.


Prognosis of patients with bile duct tumors is mostly poor due to late diagnosis and a lack of adequate curative and palliative treatment modalities. To evaluate the potential of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a novel and alternative treatment approach, we have investigated the uptake and tumor-specific localization of the photosensitizer Photofrin in human biliary tract neoplasms. We have quantified the distribution and the pharmacokinetics of Photofrin in normal and tumor tissue biopsies of the human bile duct by quantitative fluorescence microscopy and digital image analysis of cryosections. Fluorescence intensities (expressed as a percentage of a standard) are 19.0 +/- 11.4% and 25.2 +/- 12.7% for tumors and 10.9 +/- 2.9% and 13.2 +/- 9.1% (mean +/- SD) for normal bile duct tissue at 24 h (n = 5) and 48 h (n = 8) after Photofrin administration (2 mg kg-1 i.v.), respectively, and decrease afterwards in normal bile duct tissue over the period of investigation (4-35 days). The ratios of fluorescence in tumor versus normal tissue are found to be 1.7 +/- 0.7 and 2.3 +/- 1.2 (mean +/- SD) at days one and two after Photofrin administration, respectively. Thus, Photofrin preferentially accumulates in bile duct neoplasms, reaching peak values during the first two days. These data suggest that laser irradiation should be performed within this period after Photofrin injection to achieve tumor selectivity of PDT for effective treatment of bile duct carcinoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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