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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Feb 16;255(2):200-7.

Overexpression of protein tyrosine phosphatase-alpha (PTP-alpha) but not PTP-kappa inhibits translocation of GLUT4 in rat adipose cells.

Author information

1
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases) are likely to play important roles in insulin action. We recently demonstrated that the nontransmembrane PTPase PTP1B can act as a negative modulator of insulin-stimulated translocation of GLUT4. We now examine the role of PTP-alpha and PTP-kappa (two transmembrane PTPases) in this metabolic action of insulin. Rat adipose cells were transfected with either PTP-alpha or PTP-kappa and effects of these PTPases on the translocation of a cotransfected epitope-tagged GLUT4 were studied. Cells overexpressing wild-type PTP-alpha had significantly lower levels of cell surface GLUT4 in response to insulin and a threefold decrease in insulin sensitivity when compared with control cells expressing only tagged GLUT4. Co-overexpression of PTP-alpha and PTP1B did not have additive effects, suggesting that these PTPases share common substrates. Cells overexpressing either wild-type PTP-kappa or catalytically inactive mutants of PTP-alpha had dose-response curves similar to those of control cells. Since overexpression of PTP-alpha, but not PTP-kappa, had effects on translocation of GLUT4, our data suggest that PTPalpha may be a specific negative modulator of insulin-stimulated glucose transport.

PMID:
10049686
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.1999.0183
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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