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Cytokine. 1998 Dec;10(12):948-55.

Regulation of mucosal B cell immunoglobulin secretion by intestinal epithelial cell-derived cytokines.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Binghamton University (SUNY), Binghamton, NY 13902-6000, USA.

Abstract

Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) secrete a variety of cytokines and, because of their close proximity to B cells in the lamina propria, may affect local antibody production via these cytokines. However, studies have not yet addressed which and to what extent these IEC-derived cytokines may affect B cell antibody production. In this study, rat mesenteric lymph node B cells were cultured with culture supernatants from the rat IEC-6 intestinal epithelial cell line to determine their effect on immunoglobulin (Ig) secretion. Unstimulated IEC-6 cells were found to secrete sufficient levels of IL-6 to enhance IgA, IgG and IgM secretion by unstimulated B cells. However, culture of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated B cells with the unstimulated IEC-6 supernatant resulted in an enhancement of IgA secretion while IgM secretion was significantly suppressed. Depletion of the IEC-6 supernatant using cytokine specific antibodies revealed that both interleukin 6 (IL-6) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) were responsible for the enhanced IgA secretion while TGF-beta suppressed IgM secretion. More importantly, culture supernatants from LPS stimulated IEC-6 cells contained enhanced levels of IL-6 which enhanced both IgG and IgA production and partially overcame the suppressive effect of TGF-beta on IgM secretion. These results suggest that intestinal epithelial cells may secrete IL-6 and TGF-beta to regulate local B cell antibody secretion and their effect may be highly dependent upon the activation state of the epithelial cells.

PMID:
10049518
DOI:
10.1006/cyto.1998.0385
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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