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Mol Microbiol. 1999 Feb;31(3):807-22.

The WD protein Cpc2p is required for repression of Gcn4 protein activity in yeast in the absence of amino-acid starvation.

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Institute for Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University, Göttingen, Germany.


The CPC2 gene of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a G beta-like WD protein which is involved in regulating the activity of the general control activator Gcn4p. The CPC2 gene encodes a premRNA which is spliced and constitutively expressed in the presence or absence of amino acids. Loss of CPC2 gene function suppresses a deletion of the GCN2 gene encoding the general control sensor kinase, but not a deletion in the GCN4 gene. The resulting phenotype has resistance against amino-acid analogues. The Neurospora crassa cpc-2 and the rat RACK1 genes are homologues of CPC2 that complement the yeast cpc2 deletion. The cpc2 delta mutation leads to increased transcription of Gcn4p-dependent genes under non-starvation conditions without increasing GCN4 expression or the DNA binding activity of Gcn4p. Cpc2p-mediated transcriptional repression requires the Gcn4p transcriptional activator and a Gcn4p recognition element in the target promoter. Frameshift mutations resulting in a shortened G beta-like protein cause a different phenotype that has sensitivity against amino-acid analogues similar to a gcn2 deletion. Cpc2p seems to be part of an additional control of Gcn4p activity, independent of its translational regulation.

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