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C R Acad Sci III. 1999 Jan;322(1):5-13.

[Dorsal closure in Drosophila. A genetic model for wound healing?].

[Article in French]

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Centre de biologie du développement, UMR 5547, Toulouse, France.


Dorsal closure (DC) is a morphogenetic movement that establishes the dorsal ectoderm of the drosophila embryo. During this process, the two lateral epithelia stretch toward the dorsal midline, the suture line of the two leading edges. Cell migration during DC relies both on cell shape change controlled by the activity of the JNK pathway in the leading edge cells and modification of cell adhesiveness, probably dependent upon activation of the Dpp (TGF-beta) pathway. Coupling of the JNK and TGF-beta pathways is essential. The sequence of the cellular and molecular events of DC highlights interesting common features with wound healing in vertebrates. Like DC, wound healing relies on the migration of epithelia bordered by leading edges controlling the direction and speed of the movement. This review summarizes recent data concerning the control of epithelial morphogenesis during DC and the bases of wound healing. The molecular and cellular events that underlie these two analogous migratory processes are detailed, discussed and compared. We suggest that DC is a good genetic model for wound healing studying.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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