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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 1999 Feb;11(1):61-7.

Positive feedback interactions between microtubule and actin dynamics during cell motility.

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Department of Biology 607 Fordham Hall University of North Carolina Chapel Hill NC 27599-3280 USA.


The migration of tissue cells requires interplay between the microtubule and actin cytoskeletal systems. Recent reports suggest that interactions of microtubules with actin dynamics creates a polarization of microtubule assembly behavior in cells, such that microtubule growth occurs at the leading edge and microtubule shortening occurs at the cell body and rear. Microtubule growth and shortening may activate Rac1 and RhoA signaling, respectively, to control actin dynamics. Thus, an actin-dependent gradient in microtubule dynamic-instability parameters in cells may feed back through the activation of specific signalling pathways to perpetuate the polarized actin-assembly dynamics required for cell motility.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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