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Genomics. 1999 Feb 15;56(1):1-11.

Transcription mapping in a medulloblastoma breakpoint interval and Smith-Magenis syndrome candidate region: identification of 53 transcriptional units and new candidate genes.

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Abt. Molekulare Genomanalyse, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, Heidelberg, 69120, Germany.


The chromosomal band 17p11.2 is associated with a number of neurological disorders and malignant diseases. This region is also characterized by the presence of complex repeat elements that are probably responsible for the frequent occurrence of interstitial deletions, duplications, and isochromosome formation. In the course of the molecular analysis of this interval, an integrated map with YACs, PACs, and cosmids covering approximately 6 Mb was established. Focusing on the 1.4-Mb interval containing the Smith-Magenis syndrome critical region and the breakpoint region for medulloblastomas, we constructed a detailed transcript map between the marker PS2 and the proximal CMT1A repeat. FISH analysis of the PACs allowed determination of the position of the transcripts with respect to the SMS critical region and the presumptive chromosomal breakpoint in medulloblastomas. One PAC (G21100) provided evidence for the presence of a novel complex repeat unit, indicating that there are at least three independent repeat elements within 2 Mb. Five genes were mapped to clone G21100 and are likely to form part of this novel complex sequence repeat. In summary, 53 new transcripts were isolated by using cDNA selection and exon trapping. This included 8 known but previously unmapped genes and 45 novel transcripts. The expression profile of 21 transcripts was determined by RT-PCR. Based on their homologies to known genes or proteins, some of the novel genes are considered candidate genes either for malignant diseases or for the Smith-Magenis syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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