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J Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 Jan;9(1):138-45.

Temperature measurement using echo-shifted FLASH at low field for interventional MRI.

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Department of Radiology, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals of Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Magn Reson Imaging 1999 Jul;10(1):108.


We investigated the feasibility of using echo-shifted fast low-angle shot (FLASH) for temperature-monitored thermo-therapeutic procedures in a 0.2 T interventional magnetic resonance (MR) scanner. Based on the proton resonance frequency shift technique, modified echo-shifted FLASH has sufficiently high signal-to-noise ratio to provide accurate temperature maps with short scan times, i.e., 5 seconds in phantoms (TR = 20.5 msec; effective TE = 30 msec; one echo shift; NSA = 2) and ex vivo experiments (TR = 19.4 msec; effective TE = 28.9 msec; one echo shift; NSA = 2) and 3 seconds (TR = 19.4 msec; effective TE = 28.9 msec, one echo shift; NSA 1) for an in vivo case. The proton resonance frequency shifts with temperature observed in a 0.2 T MR scanner using this sequence were -0.0072 ppm/degrees C (temperature uncertainty = +/-2.5 degrees C) for polyacrylamide phantoins and -0.0086 ppm/degrees C (temperature uncertainty = +/- 1 degrees C) for ex vivo bovine liver. These experiments demonstrated that echo-shifted FLASH is a viable method for low-field temperature monitoring despite the decreased signal and decreased phase sensitivity compared with its counterpart in a 1.5 T MR imaging system. The improved temporal resolution of temperature images, now possible in low-field interventional MR systems using echo-shifted FLASH, will allow clinicians more accurate monitoring of interstitial ablation in MR-guided interventional procedures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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