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J Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 Jan;9(1):44-52.

Regional cerebral blood volume: a comparison of the dynamic imaging and the steady state methods.

Author information

1
Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. weili@mirlink.wustl.edu

Abstract

Accurate assessment of regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) is of critical importance in the study of cerebrovascular disease and other disorders of the central nervous system. Currently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is able to measure rCBV non-invasively with two commonly used methods: the dynamic imaging (DI) and steady state (SS) approaches. In this study, two questions were investigated. First, how do partial volume effects between gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) and between epicortical vessels and brain parenchyma affect the estimation of rCBV when using the SS approach? Second, how comparable are the ratios of rCBV in GM to rCBV in WM (rCBV GM/WM) obtained with the two methods? We used a paramagnetic contrast agent, OPTIMARK (Mallinckrodt, St. Louis, MO), at a dose of 0.2 mmol/kg in anesthetized pigs (n = 6) to obtain rCBV maps using both methods. When a 10% rCBV threshold was used to minimize effects from large epicortical vessels, and tissue segmentation was used to separate GM from WM, rCBV values of 4.8 +/- 0.3% and 3.3 +/- 0.5% were obtained for GM and WM, respectively, with the SS approach. Significantly higher rCBV values for both GM (P < 0.001) and WM (P < 0.01) were observed when the contribution from large epicortical vessels was not removed. When tissue segmentation and rCBV thresholding were used on SS data, an rCBV GM/WM ratio of 1.5 +/- 0.2 was obtained. This value did not differ significantly from the rCBV GM/WM ratio of 1.8 +/- 0.6 obtained using the DI approach.

PMID:
10030649
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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