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FEBS Lett. 1999 Jan 29;443(3):326-30.

UCP4, a novel brain-specific mitochondrial protein that reduces membrane potential in mammalian cells.

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1
Department of Endocrinology, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.

Erratum in

  • FEBS Lett 1999 Apr 23;449(2-3):293.

Abstract

Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are a family of mitochondrial transporter proteins that have been implicated in thermoregulatory heat production and maintenance of the basal metabolic rate. We have identified and partially characterized a novel member of the human uncoupling protein family, termed uncoupling protein-4 (UCP4). Protein sequence analyses showed that UCP4 is most related to UCP3 and possesses features characteristic of mitochondrial transporter proteins. Unlike other known UCPs, UCP4 transcripts are exclusively expressed in both fetal and adult brain tissues. UCP4 maps to human chromosome 6p11.2-q12. Consistent with its potential role as an uncoupling protein, UCP4 is localized to the mitochondria and its ectopic expression in mammalian cells reduces mitochondrial membrane potential. These findings suggest that UCP4 may be involved in thermoregulatory heat production and metabolism in the brain.

PMID:
10025957
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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