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Am J Clin Oncol. 1999 Feb;22(1):97-102.

Clinical results of transcatheter arterial infusion for uterine cervical cancer.

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Department of Radiology, Kyoto University Hospital, Sakyo Kyoto, Japan.


The effects of transcatheter intraarterial infusion of anticancer drugs on the prognosis of cervical cancer were retrospectively studied. Two or three sessions of transcatheter arterial infusion therapy were performed for 68 patients with primary uterine cervical cancer. The number of patients with stage I, II, III, or IV disease were 13, 22, 24, and 9, respectively. Patients with squamous cell carcinoma comprised 3, 17, 17, and 5 of the respective groups, and the patients with stage I and II disease had either adenocarcinoma or adenosquamous carcinoma, or bulky tumor (>4 cm). The drugs infused were cisplatin (60-70 mg/m2), doxorubicin hydrochloride (30-40 mg/m2), mitomycin (15 mg/m2), and 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/body). They were infused via the bilateral internal iliac arteries. Fifty-eight of the 68 patients (85%) received a radical hysterectomy after transcatheter arterial infusion: 12 of 13 with stage I disease, 21 of 22 with stage II disease, 20 of 24 with stage III disease, and five of nine with stage IV disease. Two patients with stage III disease received radical radiotherapy. The other eight patients (one with stage I disease, one with stage II disease, two with stage III disease, and four with stage IV disease) did not receive an operation after transcatheter arterial infusion because they had distant metastases at the time of operation. Thirty-two of 58 patients (56%) received postoperative radiotherapy. The complete histologic response rates (no active cancer cells) after transcatheter arterial infusion were: 2 of 12 patients with stage I disease, 3 of 21 patients with stage II disease, 5 of 20 patients with stage III disease, and one of five patients with stage IV disease. Tumors with squamous cell carcinoma disappeared at a significantly better rate (10/36, 28%) than did tumors with adenocarcinoma or adenosquamous cell carcinoma (1/22, 5%; p < 0.05). The overall 5-year survival rates of the patients with stages I, II, and III disease were 92.3%, 62.2%, and 71%, respectively. The 5-year survival rates of the patients who underwent surgery with stage I, II, and III disease were 100%, 66.3%, and 71.5%, respectively. Leukocytopenia and thrombocytopenia occurred as an acute complication in 75% and 79% of the patients, respectively. As a late complication, ileus occurred in 7%. Transcatheter arterial infusion may improve the prognosis of patients with cervical cancer without increasing the incidence of late complications.

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