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Calcif Tissue Int. 1999 Mar;64(3):214-8.

Molecular chaperones stimulate bone resorption.

Author information

1
Maxillofacial Surgery Research Unit, Eastman Dental Institute, University College London, 256 Gray's Inn Road, London WC1X 8LD, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Molecular chaperones, also known as heat shock proteins (hsp), are intracellular proteins found in all cells that catalyze protein folding. We have discovered that one class of bacterial molecular chaperone, the chaperonins, are potent inducers of bone resorption. To address the question of whether the osteolytic activity of the chaperonins was unique to this protein class, or was a common attribute of molecular chaperones generally, we have examined a number of bacterial and mammalian molecular chaperones for activity in the murine calvarial bone resorption assay. All the Escherichia coli molecular chaperones (groEL, groES, and dnaK) were active. The osteolytic activity of groEL was inhibited by indomethacin and the natural antagonist of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) but was unaffected by neutralization of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) or inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase. Mammalian molecular chaperones of molecular mass 27, 47, 70, and 90 kDa were also tested and, with the exception of the 47 kDa protein, all showed activity in the murine calvarial assay. Molecular chaperones appear, therefore, to have the capacity to modulate the cellular processes in bone explant cultures, resulting in resorption of the calcified matrix. The possibility that these proteins could play a role in the normal or pathological remodeling of bone is discussed.

PMID:
10024378
DOI:
10.1007/s002239900605
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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