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Synapse. 1999 Feb;31(2):125-33.

Caudate-putamen dopamine and stereotypy response profiles after intravenous and subcutaneous amphetamine.

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Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095-1735, USA.


We compared the behavioral and caudate-putamen extracellular dopamine responses following intravenous (3.6 mg/kg) and subcutaneous (8 mg/kg) amphetamine administration using 2-min microdialysate sampling intervals, and doses of the drug selected to achieve comparable maximal brain concentrations. Following intravenous amphetamine, dopamine peaked within the first 2 min, then declined with a first-order decay rate of 0.018+/-0.007 min(-1). Following subcutaneous amphetamine, dopamine achieved maximum concentrations at 9 min and remained near peak levels for about 30 min before declining with a first-order decay rate of 0.019+/-0.008 min(-1). Maximal brain amphetamine levels and peak dopamine concentrations were equivalent following either route of drug administration. In contrast to the short latency to maximal extracellular dopamine, the onset of oral stereotypies was delayed until about 30 min following both routes of drug administration. Furthermore, in contrast to the behavioral response to amphetamine, apomorphine administration resulted in the rapid appearance of oral stereotypies within 5-10 min after drug administration. These results suggest that although caudate-putamen dopamine receptor activation may be a critical factor in the expression of focused oral stereotypies, other effects of amphetamine may interfere with the ability of animals to exhibit these behaviors.

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