Send to

Choose Destination
Lancet. 1999 Jan 9;353(9147):112-5.

A986S polymorphism of the calcium-sensing receptor and circulating calcium concentrations.

Author information

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.



The regulation of extracellular calcium concentration by parathyroid hormone is mediated by a calcium-sensing, G-protein-coupled cell-surface receptor (CASR). Mutations of the CASR gene alter the set-point for extracellular ionised calcium [Ca2+]o and cause familial hypercalcaemia or hypocalcaemia. The CASR missense polymorphism, A986S, is common in the general population and is, therefore, a prime candidate as a genetic determinant of extracellular calcium concentration.


We genotyped the CASR A986S variant (S allele frequency of 16.3%) in 163 healthy adult women and tested samples of their serum for total calcium, albumin, total protein, creatinine, phosphate, pH, and parathyroid hormone. A prospectively generated, random subset of 84 of these women provided a whole blood sample for assay of [Ca2+]o.


The A986S genotype showed no association with total serum concentration of calcium, until corrected for albumin. In a multivariate regression model, biochemical and genetic variables accounted for 74% of the total variation in calcium. The significant predictors of serum calcium were: albumin (p<0.001), phosphate (p=0.02), parathyroid hormone (p=0.007), pH (p=0.001), and A986S genotype (p=0.009). Fasting whole-blood [Ca2+]o also showed an independent positive association with the 986S variant (p=0.013).


The CASR A986S variant has a significant effect on extracellular calcium. The CASR A986S polymorphism is a likely candidate locus for genetic predisposition to various bone and mineral disorders in which extracellular calcium concentrations have a prominent part.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center