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Dent Mater. 1998 Mar;14(2):91-8.

Effect of hybrid layer on fracture toughness of adhesively bonded dentin-resin composite joint.

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Dows Institute for Dental Research, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA.



Micromechanical retention from the hybrid layer is generally believed to be the mechanism of adhesion of current generation dentin bonding agents. The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the interfacial fracture toughness of a commercial dentin bonding agent with and without this hybrid layer.


Ten extracted molars (AB2) were flattened on the occlusal surface, All-Bond 2 Universal Adhesive System (Bisco) was applied according to manufacturer's directions and a resin composite (Prodigy, Kerr) crown was formed. Another group of ten molars (AB2Cl) was handled identically with the exception of a 1 min gentle scrubbing application of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite after acid etching to remove the acid-exposed collagen. Plane-strain chevron-notch short bar fracture toughness specimens were fabricated from all 20 composite crowns and tested according to ASTM E1304-89. Each group was tested to failure in tensile mode at 0.1 mm min-1 and the maximum load at failure was used to determine plane-strain fracture toughness (KQvM). Weibull parameters were calculated and fracture probability distributions were tested for significant difference at the 95% confidence level. Scanning electron microscopy was employed on broken specimens (18/20) to describe the failure mode.


Weibull distributions were not significantly different with characteristic plane-strain fracture toughness from maximum load (KQvM0) of 0.97 MPa m1/2 and 0.81 MPa m1/2 and a Weibull modulus of 4.7 and 3.9, respectively, for AB2 and AB2Cl. All AB2 samples failed within the adhesive joint, while the AB2Cl crack propagated from the interphase of adhesive resin and dentin to 1-2 microns into dentin.


Under the conditions of this study, the presence of collagen did not contribute to a significantly stronger bonded joint. Interfacial fracture toughness evaluation of the dentin-resin composite bimaterial interface shows promise for future investigations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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