Send to

Choose Destination
Pharmacogenetics. 1998 Apr;8(2):101-8.

Use of heterologously expressed human cytochrome P450 1A2 to predict tacrine-fluvoxamine drug interaction in man.

Author information

Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Saint Antoine University Hospital, Paris, France.


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of recombinant human cytochrome P-450 1A2 (rH-CYP1A2) in studies performed in vitro in order to predict metabolic drug-drug interactions occurring in man. In vitro metabolism of tacrine (a CYP1A2 probe) in the presence and absence of fluvoxamine, a CYP1A2 inhibitor, was investigated in human liver mircrosomes and with different rH-CYP. Vmax, Km and Ki determined with human liver microsomes were compared with those observed using rH-CYP1A2, assuming that 1 mg of liver microsomes contains, on average, 69 pmol of CYP1A2. The extent of tacrine metabolism inhibition procured by fluvoxamine with rH-CYP1A2, was compared with previous results observed in man. The Vax and Km for 1-hydroxytacrine formation rates obtained with rH-CYP1A2 were in good agreement with those observed in human liver microsomes (175+/-9 versus 140+/-60 pmol/min/mg for Vmax and 14+/-2 versus 16+/-2 microM for Km, respectively. The Ki of fluvoxamine on 1-hydroxytacrine formation rate observed with rH-CYP1A2 was similar to that observed with human liver microsome (0.35+/-0.05 versus 0.20+/-0.20 microM, respectively). Using the Km, Vmax and Ki determined with rH-CYP1A2, we calculated that fluvoxamine produced an inhibition of 1-, 2- and 4-hydroxytacrine formation rate of 91, 87 and 88%, respectively, in the range of tacrine and fluvoxamine concentrations observed in man. These percentages of inhibition calculated in vitro were in agreement with the percentage of fluvoxamine-dependent decrease in tacrine apparent oral clearance previously observed in man (83+/-13%). We conclude that human CYP1A2 expressed in yeast is a powerful tool to predict and to quantify drug-drug interactions in man.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center