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J Dairy Sci. 1999 Jan;82(1):86-92.

Growth responses of coliform bacteria to purified immunoglobulin G from cows immunized with ferric enterobactin receptor FepA.

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1
Department of Animal Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Ohio State University, Wooster 44691, USA.

Abstract

The ability of purified bovine immunoglobulin (Ig) G from cows immunized with ferric enterobactin receptor FepA to inhibit the growth of coliform bacteria derived from bovine intramammary infection was investigated in iron-restricted media. All isolates of Escherichia coli (n = 21) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 21) were tested for growth in a chemically defined medium containing 0.5 mg/ml of apolactoferrin and in a pooled source of dry cow secretion. The addition of 4 mg/ml of purified bovine IgG directed against FepA in the synthetic medium resulted in significant growth inhibition for both E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates. Growth reduction of E. coli was greater than that of K. pneumoniae. In dry cow secretions, the growth of each E. coli isolate but of less than half of K. pneumoniae isolates (43%) was inhibited by IgG from cows immunized with FepA. Purified bovine IgG from cows immunized with E. coli J5 had a minimal inhibitory effect on the growth of both E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates in the synthetic medium. In dry cow secretions, IgG from cows immunized with E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates. Supplementation with 50 microM of ferric chloride to the medium completely reversed the inhibitory effects of the antibodies and lactoferrin. Bovine IgG directed against FepA apparently inhibited the growth of coliform bacteria by interfering with the binding of the ferric enterobactin complex to the cell surface receptor FepA.

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