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J Biol Chem. 1997 Jun 13;272(24):15496-500.

Specific, high affinity binding of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-4 (TIMP-4) to the COOH-terminal hemopexin-like domain of human gelatinase A. TIMP-4 binds progelatinase A and the COOH-terminal domain in a similar manner to TIMP-2.

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Faculty of Dentistry and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada.


The binding properties of the newly described tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-4 (TIMP-4) to progelatinase A and to the COOH-terminal hemopexin-like domain (C domain) of the enzyme were examined. We present evidence for the first time of a specific, high affinity interaction between TIMP-4 and the C domain of human gelatinase A and show that TIMP-4 binds both progelatinase A and the C domain in a similar manner to that of TIMP-2. Saturable binding of recombinant C domain to TIMP-4 and to TIMP-2 but not to TIMP-1 was demonstrated using a microwell protein binding assay. The recombinant collagen binding domain of gelatinase A, comprised of the three fibronectin type II-like repeats, did not bind to TIMP-4, indicating that binding is mediated selectively by the C domain. Binding to TIMP-4 was of high affinity with an apparent Kd of 1.7 x 10(-7) M but slightly weaker than that to TIMP-2 (apparent Kd of 0.66 x 10(-7) M). Affinity chromatography confirmed the TIMP-4-C domain interaction and also showed that the complex could not be disrupted by 1 M NaCl or 10% dimethyl sulfoxide, thereby further demonstrating the tight binding. To verify the biological significance of this interaction, binding of full-length progelatinase A to TIMP-4 was investigated. TIMP-4 and TIMP-2 but not TIMP-1 bound specifically to purified TIMP-2-free human recombinant full-length progelatinase A and to full-length rat proenzyme from the conditioned culture medium of ROS 17/2.8 cells. Preincubation of the C domain with TIMP-2 was found to reduce subsequent binding to TIMP-4 in a concentration-dependent manner. Competition between TIMP-2 and TIMP-4 for a common or overlapping binding sites on the gelatinase A C domain may occur; alternatively TIMP-2 may prevent the binding of TIMP-4 by steric hindrance or induction of a conformational change in the C domain. We propose that the binding of progelatinase A to TIMP-4 represents a third TIMP-progelatinase interaction in addition to that of progelatinase A with TIMP-2 and progelatinase B with TIMP-1 described previously. This new phenomenon may be of important physiological significance in modulating the cell surface activation of progelatinase A.

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