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Science. 1992 May 15;256(5059):1021-5.

Synaptotagmin: a calcium sensor on the synaptic vesicle surface.

Author information

1
Department of Neurochemistry, Max-Planck-Institute for Psychiatry, Martinsried, Germany.

Abstract

Neurons release neurotransmitters by calcium-dependent exocytosis of synaptic vesicles. However, the molecular steps transducing the calcium signal into membrane fusion are still an enigma. It is reported here that synaptotagmin, a highly conserved synaptic vesicle protein, binds calcium at physiological concentrations in a complex with negatively charged phospholipids. This binding is specific for calcium and involves the cytoplasmic domain of synaptotagmin. Calcium binding is dependent on the intact oligomeric structure of synaptotagmin (it is abolished by proteolytic cleavage at a single site). These results suggest that synaptotagmin acts as a cooperative calcium receptor in exocytosis.

PMID:
1589771
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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