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Genetika. 1998 Sep;34(9):1228-32.

[Regularities of the induction of point mutation in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae after exposure to gamma-radiation].

[Article in Russian]

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Department of Radiation and Radiological Research, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow oblast, Dubna, Russia.


A tester system consisting of six isogenic strains was used to study the regularities of the induction of point mutations in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae after exposure to gamma-radiation. This system allowed the identification of all six possible substitutions in the Cys-22 codon of the CYC1 gene encoding iso-1-cytochrome c. The dose dependence of the frequency of these six base-pair substitutions was shown to be linear-quadratic. The pattern of base substitutions did not depend on the doses of gamma-irradiation used (from 125 to 1000 Gy) and predominantly included GC-->AT transitions and AT-->TA transversions. The possible mechanisms of gamma-ray mutagenesis leading to a nonlinear dose dependence were considered, and the spectra of mutations obtained for different yeast genes and for Escherichia coli were compared.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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