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J Gastrointest Oncol. 2016 Feb;7(1):58-71. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2078-6891.2015.115.

Preoperative and surveillance MR imaging of patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy.

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Department of Radiology and Sharp and Children's MRI Center, Sharp Memorial Hospital, San Diego, CA 92123, USA.


MR imaging provides considerable advantages for imaging patients with peritoneal tumor. Its inherently superior contrast resolution compared to CT allows MRI to more accurately depict small peritoneal tumors that are often missed on other imaging tests. Combining different contrast mechanisms including diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI and gadolinium-enhanced MRI provides a powerful tool for preoperative and surveillance imaging in patients being considered for cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC).


MR imaging; Peritoneal cancer; appendiceal cancer; heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC); peritoneal cancer index (PCI)

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