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J Med Chem. 2016 Mar 10;59(5):2109-17. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b01783. Epub 2016 Feb 17.

Synthesis and in Vitro Studies of a Series of Carborane-Containing Boron Dipyrromethenes (BODIPYs).

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Department of Chemistry, Louisiana State University , Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, United States.


A series of seven BODIPYs functionalized with ortho-carborane groups at the 8(meso) or 3/5(α) position were synthesized and characterized by NMR, HRMS, HPLC, and in the cases of 2b and 5b, by X-ray analysis. The BODIPYs exhibited low dark toxicity and phototoxicity toward human glioma T98G cells, and their cellular uptake varied significantly, with 5b accumulating the most and 7 the least. All BODIPYs localized mainly within the cell ER. The BODIPYs showed higher permeabilities than lucifer yellow across human hCMEC/D3 brain endothelial cell monolayers as the BBB model. Among this series, 1b showed the highest BBB permeability (Pe = 16.4 × 10(-5) cm/s), probably as a result of its lower MW (366 Da) and favorable hydrophobicity (log P = 1.5). The combination of low cytotoxicity, amphiphilicity, high boron content, high cellular uptake, and moderate BBB permeability renders these compounds promising boron delivery agents for the BNCT of brain tumors.

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