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Med Pregl. 2010 Nov-Dec;63(11-12):805-10.

[Drug interactions with grapefruit].

[Article in Serbian]

Author information

1
Institut za farmakologiju i toksikologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Nis. bojaniczoran@gmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The concentration of many orally given medications may be affected by grapefruit or grapefruit juice consumption. It may result in numerous harmful effects.

INTERACTION OF GRAPEFRUIT WITH DRUGS:

Taking only one cup of juice may induce interactions with different drugs even during the period of a few days. The effect is induced by suppression of cytochrome P450 isoenzyme CYP3A4 in the intestinal wall. The Latin name of grapefruit, Citrus paradisi, is quite opposite to the effects which could be induced by taking grapefruit and some medications at the same time. It is necessary to avoid taking grapefruit with the drugs whose pharmacokinetics could be altered by the active principles found in that fruit.

DISCUSSION:

The coloured grapefruit contains less furanocoumarins, but there is no difference in induction and intensity of pharmacokinetic interaction with drugs related to its colour. Other citrus fruits (orange, lemon) do not have such effects, but some other fruits (pomegranate, stella fruit, banpeiyu, hassaku, takaoka-buntan and kinkan) exert inhibitory effects on the activity of cytochrome P450 isoenzyme.

PMID:
21553459
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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