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Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2012 Jan;148(1):92-100. doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncq590. Epub 2011 Feb 20.

Indoor radon concentration and its possible dependence on ventilation rate and flooring type.

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Department of Physics, Bangalore University, Jnanabharathi, Bangalore 560056, India.


The results of radon concentration measurements carried out in dwellings with natural ventilation for 1 y in Bangalore are reported. Measurements, covering three sessions of the day (morning, afternoon, night) were performed two times in a month for 1 y at a fixed place of each dwelling at a height of 1 m above the ground surface in selected dwellings. The low-level radon detection system (LLRDS), an active method, was used for the estimation of radon concentration. The measurements were aimed to understand the diurnal variation and the effect of ventilation rate and flooring type on indoor radon concentration. The geometric mean (± geometric standard deviation) of indoor radon concentration from about 500 measurements carried out in 20 dwellings is found to be 25.4 ± 1.54 Bq m⁻³. The morning, afternoon and night averages were found to be 42.6 ± 2.05, 15.3 ± 2.18 and 28.5 ± 2.2 Bq m⁻³, respectively. The approximate natural ventilation rates of the dwellings were calculated using the PHPAIDA--the on-line natural ventilation, mixed mode and air infiltration rate calculation algorithm and their effects on indoor radon concentrations were studied. The inhalation dose and the lung cancer risk due to indoor radon exposure were found to be 0.66 mSv y⁻¹ and 11.9 per 10⁶ persons, respectively. The gamma exposure rate was also measured in all the dwellings and its correlation with the inhalation dose rate was studied.

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