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Biomaterials. 2010 Feb;31(6):1045-54. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.10.025. Epub 2009 Oct 29.

The biocompatibility of materials used in printed circuit board technologies with respect to primary neuronal and K562 cells.

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1
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Pharmacology and Neuroscience Center, University of Ferrara, Ferrara 44100, Italy.

Abstract

Printed circuit board (PCB) technology can be used for producing lab-on-a-chip (LOAC) devices. PCBs are characterized by low production costs and large-scale development, both essential elements in the frame of disposable applications. LOAC platforms have been employed not only for diagnostic and/or analytical purposes, but also for identification and isolation of eukaryotic cells, including cancer and stem cells. Accordingly, the compatibility of the employed materials with the biological system under analysis is critical for the development of LOAC devices to be proposed for efficient and safe cell isolation. In this study, we analyzed the in-vitro compatibility of a large set of materials and surface treatments used for LOAC development and evaluation with quasi-standard PCB processes. Biocompatibility was analyzed on hippocampal primary cells (a model of attached cell cultures), in comparison with the reference K562 cell line (a model of cells growing in suspension). We demonstrate here that some of the materials under study alter survival, organization, morphology and adhesion capacity of hippocampal cells, and inhibit growth and differentiation of K562 cells. Nonetheless, a subset of the materials tested did not negatively affect these functions, thus demonstrating that PCB technology, with some limitations, is suitable for the realization of LOAC devices well compatible at least with these preparations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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