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Study Description

This GDMCC protocol will study adult patients with non-CF, idiopathic bronchiectasis, whose genetic etiologies are not known. Idiopathic bronchiectasis is reportedly more common in females with certain tall, thin body types and associated with environmental organisms, such as nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM). The other susceptibility factors predisposing to bronchiectasis or acquisition of NTM are unclear. The study will attempt to broaden the understanding of this disease by comparing gender-associated factors and NTM status. A relatively equal number of both females/males and NTM/non-NTM infected subjects will be enrolled. Approximately 300 people may be screened to find 260 eligible subjects, since a small number (e.g., 40 patients) may be diagnosed with PCD, vCF, or other known etiology as an explanation for the bronchiectasis.

This single-visit protocol will use a systematic approach to characterize the physical features, radiographic patterns, and associated lower airway microbial flora. There is no natural history of disease course follow-up component to this protocol. Participants will have one outpatient clinic visit for evaluation with a physical examination including detailed body size measurements, medical history, collection of blood samples for routine lab tests and genetic analyses, and a chest X-ray if no recent one is available. Participants will also have tests of lung function, and measurement of a gas called nitric oxide in the nose. Participants whose initial tests show abnormal results may also be asked to have a nasal scrape to collect cell samples and/or a skin sweat test to measure salt concentrations. Participants will also have a sputum specimen collected during the visit and will be asked to collect two additional early morning sputum samples and a mouth rinse at home within 2 weeks of the clinic visit, and mail the sample collection materials to the research team.

Careful evaluation and characterization of the physical and clinical characteristics will guide the genetic characterization of idiopathic bronchiectasis, and likely lead to an improved diagnostic approach. Identification of disease causing genes may provide new therapeutic targets.

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Study Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: The criteria for participants to enter the study mandates that each patient have received a standard (current clinical practice) diagnostic evaluation that includes a CT scan of the chest to document bronchiectasis, prior to enrolling in the Consortium study. To enter this protocol, adults must have bronchiectasis and meet the following criteria:

  1. Males or females, age ≥18 years
  2. Chronic cough
  3. An available CT of the chest (on a CD) that shows evidence of dilated airways fulfilling radiographic criteria for bronchiectasis in more than one lobe.
  4. Ability to provide informed consent, including HIPAA consent.

Exclusion Criteria: A participant should not be in the study if they have not had a standard clinical evaluation to rule out other potential causes of chronic sino-pulmonary disease.

  1. Known diagnosis of cystic fibrosis with classic clinical presentation and elevated sweat chloride levels and/or two known disease-causing CFTR mutations
  2. History of tuberculosis or other known explanation for bronchiectasis, such as α1-antitrypsin deficiency (ZZ or ZS), confirmed or probable PCD, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's syndrome, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, or documented primary or acquired immunodeficiency
  3. Current smoker or > 10 pack-year history of tobacco use
  4. Prior solid organ transplant
  5. Any patient who is unwilling or unable to provide consent or to comply with the testing required in this protocol.

Study History

  • Study Activated February 9, 2011
  • First Accrual March 7, 2011

Selected publications
Diseases/Traits Related to Study (MeSH terms)
Authorized Data Access Requests
Study Attribution
  • Study Chairs
    • Kenneth N Olivier, MD, MPH. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
  • Principal Investigators
    • Charles L. Daley, MD. National Jewish Health, Denver, CO, USA.
    • Carlos E. Milla, MD. Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA.
    • Michael Knowles, MD. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    • Thomas Ferkol, MD. Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA.
    • David Hall, MD, PhD. St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, CANADA.
    • Pamela McShane, MD. University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
    • Jeffrey Krischer, PhD. Data Management and Coordinating Center, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
  • Funding Sources
    • 2U54HL096458-11. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.