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Friends in Flanders : humanitarian aid administered by the Friends' Ambulance Unit during the First World War

Author(s):
Palfreeman, Linda, author
Title(s):
Friends in Flanders : humanitarian aid administered by the Friends' Ambulance Unit during the First World War / Linda Palfreeman.
Country of Publication:
England
Publisher:
Eastbourne ; Portland, OR : Sussex Academic Press, 2017.
Description:
xvii, 223 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 23 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9781845198718
1845198719
LCCN:
2017007150
Summary:
The Friends' Ambulance Unit (FAU) was created shortly after the outbreak of war. The idea of the unit's founder, Philip J. Baker, was that it would provide young Friends (Quakers) with the opportunity to serve their country without sacrificing their pacifist principles. The first volunteers went to Belgium on 31 October 1914, under the auspices of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St John of Jerusalem. The FAU made a sustained contribution to the military medical services of the Allied nations, establishing military hospitals, running ambulance convoys, and staffing hospital ships and ambulance trains, treating and transporting wounded men. Determined to bring succour to all those in need, the FAU also assisted civilians trapped in the war zone and living in desperate circumstances. Nowhere was this more acute than in the besieged and battered town of Ypres where thousands sheltered in the underground passage-ways of the town's ancient fortifications - 'a subterranean population, hopeless, often lightless', wrote Geoffrey Young, the Unit's young field commander, 'living on what they might and breeding disease.' The Unit provided hospitals for the treatment of civilians, and worked intensively in the containment and treatment of the typhoid epidemic that swept the region, locating sufferers, providing them with medical care, and inoculating people against the disease. It played a major role in the purification of the town's contaminated drinking water, distributed milk for infants and food and clothing to the sick and needy. It helped found orphanages, made provision for schooling and organised gainful employment for refugees until, finally, it became responsible for the definitive evacuations of the civilian population.
MeSH:
Ambulances/history*
Belgium
Emergency Medical Services/history
Hospitals, Military/history
Protestantism/history
Relief Work/history
United Kingdom
Volunteers/history
World War I*
Other Subject(s):
Friends Ambulance Unit.
Notes:
Includes bibliographical references (pages 212-214) and index.
Contents:
The coming of war in Europe, 1914 -- The Ambulance Unit: Friends and all -- Geoffrey Young brings news from abroad -- The Friends are mobilized -- Hospital St. Pierre: the first FAU hospital in France -- Friends in Ypres -- The Sacré Coeur, Ypres: the FAU's first civilian hospital in Belgium -- Typhoid in Flanders: containing the epidemic -- Château Elisabeth Civilian Hospital, Poperinghe -- A programme of welfare in Flanders -- Military matters -- The death of Ypres -- Conclusion.
NLM ID:
101730293 [Book]

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