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Dietary supplements : companies may be difficult to locate in an emergency

Author(s):
United States Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General Office of Evaluation and Inspections
Title(s):
Dietary supplements : companies may be difficult to locate in an emergency [electronic resource] / Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General.
Country of Publication:
United States
Publisher:
[Washington, D.C.] : U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, [2012]
Language:
English
Electronic Links:
https://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-01-11-00211.asp
Summary:
Why we did this study: The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 requires certain dietary supplement companies to register with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Registration in the Food Facility Registry (the registry) is intended to provide FDA with sufficient information to contact companies in an emergency. Previous Office of Inspector General work identified problems with FDA's registry. Recent recalls of dietary supplements tainted with prescription drugs, synthetic steroids, and other potentially dangerous ingredients highlight the importance of registration and adverse event contact information so that FDA can trace the source of the product. These problems raised questions about FDA's ability to identify and contact manufacturers in a food emergency to protect public health. How we did this study: We analyzed a purposive sample of 127 weight loss and immune support dietary supplements. For 123 of these supplements, we determined whether the companies that produced them were registered with FDA and compared the information in the registry with information obtained during structured interviews with company representatives. We also analyzed the labels of all 127 dietary supplements to determine whether they contained required adverse event contact information. What we found: Twenty-eight percent of contacted companies had facilities that failed to register with FDA as required. Of the companies with facilities that did register, 72 percent failed to provide the complete and accurate information required in the registry. Finally, 20 percent of dietary supplement labels in our sample did not provide the required telephone numbers or addresses. What we recommend: We recommend that FDA: (1) improve the accuracy of information in the registry; (2) seek authority to impose civil monetary penalties on companies that do not comply with registration requirements; and (3) educate the dietary supplement industry about registration and labeling requirements. FDA concurred with all of our recommendations.
MeSH:
Dietary Supplements*
Emergencies
Government Regulation
Humans
Product Labeling*
Product Recalls and Withdrawals
Public Health*
Registries*
United States
Other Subject(s):
United States. Department of Health and Human Services.
United States. Food and Drug Administration.
United States. Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002.
Publication Type(s):
Technical Report
Notes:
Title from PDF t.p.
"October 2012."
"OEI-01-11-00211."
"This report was prepared under the direction of Joyce Greenleaf, Regional Inspector General for Evaluation and Inspections in the Boston regional office, and Russell Hereford, Deputy Regional Inspector General"--P. 18.
Mode of access: Internet.
NLM ID:
101597409 [Electronic Resource]

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