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Animal Use Alternatives

Alternatives to the use of animals in research, testing, and education. The alternatives may include reduction in the number of animals used, replacement of animals with a non-animal model or with animals of a species lower phylogenetically, or refinement of methods to minimize pain and distress of animals used.

Year introduced: 2001

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Tree Number(s): E05.017.080

MeSH Unique ID: D023401

Entry Terms:

  • Alternative, Animal Use
  • Alternatives, Animal Use
  • Animal Use Alternative
  • Use Alternative, Animal
  • Use Alternatives, Animal
  • Animal Testing Reduction, Refinement and Replacement

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