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  • The following terms were not found in MeSH: Thiruvithamcore, Devaswam.

Governing Board

The group in which legal authority is vested for the control of health-related institutions and organizations.

Year introduced: 1968


Ethics Committees, Research

Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.

Year introduced: 2002


Clinical Trials Data Monitoring Committees

Committees established to review interim data and efficacy outcomes in clinical trials. The findings of these committees are used in deciding whether a trial should be continued as designed, changed, or terminated. Government regulations regarding federally-funded research involving human subjects (the "Common Rule") require (45 CFR 46.111) that research ethics committees reviewing large-scale clinical trials monitor the data collected using a mechanism such as a data monitoring committee. FDA regulations (21 CFR 50.24) require that such committees be established to monitor studies conducted in emergency settings.

Year introduced: 2002


Specialty Boards

Organizations which certify physicians and dentists as specialists in various fields of medical and dental practice.

Year introduced: 1991(Aug 1977)


Editorial Policies

The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.

Year introduced: 2003



A republic consisting of a group of about 100 islands and islets in the western Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Koror. Under Spain it was administered as a part of the Caroline Islands but was sold to Germany in 1899. Seized by Japan in 1914, it was taken by the Allies in World War II in 1944. In 1947 it became part of the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, became internally self-governing in 1980, obtained independent control over its foreign policy (except defense) in 1986, and achieved total independence October 1, 1994. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p915; telephone communication with Randy Flynn, Board on Geographic Names, 17 January 1995)

Year introduced: 1996


Forensic Anthropology

Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)

Year introduced: 1995


Chief Executive Officers, Hospital

Individuals who have the formal authority to manage a hospital, including its programs and services, in accordance with the goals and objectives established by a governing body (GOVERNING BOARD).

Year introduced: 1992



Board members of an institution or organization who are entrusted with the administering of funds and the directing of policy.

Year introduced: 1991(1980)


Surgery, Veterinary

A board-certified specialty of VETERINARY MEDICINE, requiring at least four years of special education, training, and practice of veterinary surgery after graduation from veterinary school. In the written, oral, and practical examinations candidates may choose either large or small animal surgery. (From AVMA Directory, 43d ed, p278)

Year introduced: 1991(1975)



Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.

Year introduced: 1991(1980)


Physician Executives

Physicians who serve in a medical and administrative capacity as head of an organized medical staff and who also may serve as liaison for the medical staff with the administration and governing board.

Year introduced: 1997


Intermediate Care Facilities

Institutions which provide health-related care and services to individuals who do not require the degree of care which hospitals or skilled nursing facilities provide, but because of their physical or mental condition require care and services above the level of room and board.

Year introduced: 1991(1979)



Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.

Year introduced: 1991(1980)


Education, Nursing, Graduate

Those educational activities engaged in by holders of a bachelor's degree in nursing, which are primarily designed to prepare them for entrance into a specific field of nursing, and may lead to board certification or a more advanced degree.

Year introduced: 1966


Education, Medical, Graduate

Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.

Year introduced: 1966


Education, Dental, Graduate

Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.

Year introduced: 1966


Custodial Care

Board, room, and other personal assistance services generally provided on a long term basis. It excludes regular medical care.

Year introduced: 1978


Communication Aids for Disabled

Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.

Year introduced: 1993


Ancillary Services, Hospital

Those support services other than room, board, and medical and nursing services that are provided to hospital patients in the course of care. They include such services as laboratory, radiology, pharmacy, and physical therapy services.

Year introduced: 1991(1984)

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