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The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.

Year introduced: INDUSTRIAL ARTS was see under TECHNOLOGY 1967-1978


Wireless Technology

Techniques using energy such as radio frequency, infrared light, laser light, visible light, or acoustic energy to transfer information without the use of wires, over both short and long distances.

Year introduced: 2011


Remote Sensing Technology

Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.

Year introduced: 2011


Green Chemistry Technology

Pollution prevention through the design of effective chemical products that have low or no toxicity and use of chemical processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances.

Year introduced: 2009


Biomedical Technology

The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.

Year introduced: 2000


Educational Technology

Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)

Year introduced: 1996


Technology Transfer

Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.

Year introduced: 1995


United States Office of Technology Assessment

An office established to help Congress participate and plan for the consequences of uses of technology. It provided information on both the beneficial and adverse effects of technological applications. The Office of Technology Assessment closed on September 29, 1995.

Year introduced: 1988


Technology, Radiologic

The application of scientific knowledge or technology to the field of radiology. The applications center mostly around x-ray or radioisotopes for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but the technological applications of any radiation or radiologic procedure is within the scope of radiologic technology.


Technology, Pharmaceutical

The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.

Year introduced: 1968


Technology, Industry, and Agriculture

The science and application of techniques for the extraction of raw materials, provision of services, manufacture of goods, cultivation of crops, and raising of livestock.

Year introduced: 1998


Technology, High-Cost

Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.

Year introduced: 1980


Technology, Dental

The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.


Technology Assessment, Biomedical

Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.

Year introduced: 1980


National Center for Health Care Technology, U.S.

A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which coordinates and administers a program of research, demonstrations, and evaluations of medical technologies and assessments of health care technology.

Year introduced: 2020 (1982)


Food Technology

The application of knowledge to the food industry.

Year introduced: 1976


Fiber Optic Technology

The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.

Year introduced: 2009 (1970)


Eye-Tracking Technology

Techniques used for EYE MOVEMENT MEASUREMENTS, which capture and measure a person’s EYE MOVEMENT and/or EYE GAZE.

Year introduced: 2021


Digital Technology

The design and development of devices and procedures that collect, store, analyze, manipulate, and display numerically encoded information, usually via processes encoded in the binary number system.

Year introduced: 2021


Hot Melt Extrusion Technology

Solvent-free method for preparing numerous types of drug delivery systems and dosage forms for active pharmaceutical ingredients that have solubility issues. It involves pumping polymeric materials at temperatures above their glass transition temperature to mix in active pharmaceutical ingredients with or without binders thus forming an amorphous product with an increase in the dissolution profile for the active pharmaceutical ingredients.

Year introduced: 2020

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