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1.

Pain

An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.

2.

Acute Pain

Intensely discomforting, distressful, or agonizing sensation associated with trauma or disease, with well-defined location, character, and timing.

Year introduced: 2012

3.

Pain Management

A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.

Year introduced: 2012

4.

Breakthrough Pain

Acute pain that comes on rapidly despite the use of pain medication.

Year introduced: 2012

5.

Pelvic Girdle Pain

Discomfort associated with the bones that make up the pelvic girdle. It occurs frequently during pregnancy.

Year introduced: 2012

6.

Musculoskeletal Pain

Discomfort stemming from muscles, LIGAMENTS, tendons, and bones.

Year introduced: 2012

7.

Chronic Pain

Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.

Year introduced: 2012

8.

Visceral Pain

Pain originating from internal organs (VISCERA) associated with autonomic phenomena (PALLOR; SWEATING; NAUSEA; and VOMITING). It often becomes a REFERRED PAIN.

Year introduced: 2012

9.

Nociceptive Pain

Dull or sharp aching pain caused by stimulated NOCICEPTORS due to tissue injury, inflammation or diseases. It can be divided into somatic or tissue pain and VISCERAL PAIN.

Year introduced: 2012

10.

Pain Perception

The process by which PAIN is recognized and interpreted by the brain.

Year introduced: 2011

11.

Eye Pain

A dull or sharp painful sensation associated with the outer or inner structures of the eyeball, having different causes.

Year introduced: 2011

12.

Pain, Referred

A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.

Year introduced: 2007

13.

Labor Pain

Pain associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR in CHILDBIRTH. It is caused primarily by UTERINE CONTRACTION as well as pressure on the CERVIX; BLADDER; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Labor pain mostly occurs in the ABDOMEN; the GROIN; and the BACK.

Year introduced: 2005

14.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

A syndrome characterized by retropatellar or peripatellar PAIN resulting from physical and biochemical changes in the patellofemoral joint. The pain is most prominent when ascending or descending stairs, squatting, or sitting with flexed knees. There is a lack of consensus on the etiology and treatment. The syndrome is often confused with (or accompanied by) CHONDROMALACIA PATELLAE, the latter describing a pathological condition of the CARTILAGE and not a syndrome.

Year introduced: 2005

15.

Flank Pain

Pain emanating from below the RIBS and above the ILIUM.

Year introduced: 2001

16.

Complex Regional Pain Syndromes

Conditions characterized by pain involving an extremity or other body region, HYPERESTHESIA, and localized autonomic dysfunction following injury to soft tissue or nerve. The pain is usually associated with ERYTHEMA; SKIN TEMPERATURE changes, abnormal sudomotor activity (i.e., changes in sweating due to altered sympathetic innervation) or edema. The degree of pain and other manifestations is out of proportion to that expected from the inciting event. Two subtypes of this condition have been described: type I; (REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY) and type II; (CAUSALGIA). (From Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)

Year introduced: 2000

17.

Shoulder Pain

Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.

Year introduced: 1999

18.

Neck Pain

Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.

Year introduced: 1997

19.

Pain Clinics

Facilities providing diagnostic, therapeutic, and palliative services for patients with severe chronic pain. These may be free-standing clinics or hospital-based and serve ambulatory or inpatient populations. The approach is usually multidisciplinary. These clinics are often referred to as "acute pain services". (From Br Med Bull 1991 Jul;47(3):762-85)

Year introduced: 1995

20.

Pelvic Pain

Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin.

Year introduced: 1994

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