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The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.


nursing [Subheading]

Used with diseases for nursing care and techniques in their management. It includes the nursing role in diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive procedures.

Year introduced: 1966


Neuroscience Nursing

The nursing specialty focusing on the needs of patients with dysfunction of the NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Year introduced: 2015


Travel Nursing

A type of nursing practice involving licensed professional nurses who travel to work in temporary nursing positions.

Year introduced: 2015


Hospice and Palliative Care Nursing

A nursing specialty concerned with care of patients facing serious or life-threatening illnesses. The goal of palliative nursing is to prevent and relieve suffering, and to support the best possible quality of life for patients and their families. Hospice nursing is palliative care for people in their final stages of life.

Year introduced: 2014


Parish Nursing

A nursing specialty involving programs designed to bring wholeness and healing to a particular faith community through addressing the health needs of body, mind, and spirit. They are coordinated by registered NURSES and may involve HEALTH EDUCATION and counseling, facilitation, referral, PATIENT ADVOCACY, and health care plan interpretation, as influenced and defined by the unique needs of the congregation.

Year introduced: 2014


Rural Nursing

A branch of nursing requiring generalist training with specialty knowledge in crisis assessment and management in all subdisciplines of nursing. Rural nursing practices often include geographical and social distance concepts in delivery of health care.

Year introduced: 2014


Home Health Nursing

A nursing specialty in which skilled nursing care is provided to patients in their homes by registered or licensed practical NURSES. Home health nursing differs from HOME NURSING in that home health nurses are licensed professionals, while home nursing involves non-professional caregivers.

Year introduced: 2014


Critical Care Nursing

A nursing specialty that deals specifically with the care of patients who are critically ill.

Year introduced: 2014


Nephrology Nursing

A nursing specialty involving the care of patients with or at risk for KIDNEY DISEASES.

Year introduced: 2014


Cardiovascular Nursing

A specialty concerned with the nursing care of patients suffering from disorders of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as well as those identified as at risk for adverse cardiac or vascular events.

Year introduced: 2014


Nursing Stations

An area in a clinic, unit, or ward in a health care facility that serves as the administrative center for nursing care. (from Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 8th ed)

Year introduced: 2013


Primary Care Nursing

Techniques or methods of patient care used by nurses as primary careproviders.

Year introduced: 2011


Advanced Practice Nursing

Evidence-based nursing, midwifery and healthcare grounded in research and scholarship. Practitioners include nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, nurse anesthetists, and nurse midwives.

Year introduced: 2010


Evidence-Based Nursing

A way of providing nursing care that is guided by the integration of the best available scientific knowledge with nursing expertise. This approach requires nurses to critically assess relevant scientific data or research evidence, and to implement high-quality interventions for their nursing practice.

Year introduced: 2009


National Institute of Nursing Research (U.S.)

Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports clinical and basic research to establish a scientific basis for the care of individuals across the life span, from the management of patients during illness and recovery to the reduction of risks for disease and disability; the promotion of healthy lifestyles; the promotion of quality of life in those with chronic illness; and the care for individuals at the end of life. It was established in 1986.

Year introduced: 2008


Forensic Nursing

The application of NURSING knowledge to questions of law. It is a specialty of nursing practice involving victims of crime which includes not only attending to the physical and emotional distress of victims, but also the identifying, collecting, and preserving evidence for law enforcement and the criminal justice system.

Year introduced: 2007


Nursing Informatics

The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers applied to the field of nursing.

Year introduced: 2005


Family Nursing

The provision of care involving the nursing process, to families and family members in health and illness situations. From Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice. 6th ed.

Year introduced: 2001


Rehabilitation Nursing

A nursing specialty involved in the diagnosis and treatment of human responses of individuals and groups to actual or potential health problems with the characteristics of altered functional ability and altered life-style.

Year introduced: 1997

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