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1.

Metabolism

The chemical reactions in living organisms by which energy is provided for vital processes and activities and new material is assimilated.

Year introduced: METABOLIC PROCESSES was NON MESH 1992-1997

2.

metabolism [Subheading]

Used with organs, cells and subcellular fractions, organisms, and diseases for biochemical changes. It is used also with drugs and chemicals for catabolic changes (breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones). For anabolic processes (conversion of small molecules into large), BIOSYNTHESIS is used. For enzymology and pharmacokinetics use the specific subheadings.

Year introduced: 1966

3.

Metabolic Networks and Pathways

Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.

Year introduced: 2007

4.

Secondary Metabolism

A physiochemical process which occurs in a wide range of organisms which unlike BASAL METABOLISM is not required for or essential to short-term survivability but to long-term general well-being of the organism.

Year introduced: 2014

5.

Lipid Metabolism Disorders

Pathological conditions resulting from abnormal anabolism or catabolism of lipids in the body.

Year introduced: 2007

6.

Lipid Metabolism

Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.

Year introduced: 2006

7.

Carbohydrate Metabolism

Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.

Year introduced: 2006

8.

Glucose Metabolism Disorders

Pathological conditions in which the BLOOD GLUCOSE cannot be maintained within the normal range, such as in HYPOGLYCEMIA and HYPERGLYCEMIA. Etiology of these disorders varies. Plasma glucose concentration is critical to survival for it is the predominant fuel for the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.

Year introduced: 2004

9.

Steroid Metabolism, Inborn Errors

Errors in metabolic processing of STEROIDS resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.

Year introduced: 2004

10.

Iron Metabolism Disorders

Disorders in the processing of iron in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization. (From Mosby's Medical, Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed)

Year introduced: 1997

11.

Pyruvate Metabolism, Inborn Errors

Hereditary disorders of pyruvate metabolism. They are difficult to diagnose and describe because pyruvate is a key intermediate in glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Some inherited metabolic disorders may alter pyruvate metabolism indirectly. Disorders in pyruvate metabolism appear to lead to deficiencies in neurotransmitter synthesis and, consequently, to nervous system disorders.

Year introduced: 1989

12.

Fructose Metabolism, Inborn Errors

Inherited abnormalities of fructose metabolism, which include three known autosomal recessive types: hepatic fructokinase deficiency (essential fructosuria), hereditary fructose intolerance, and hereditary fructose-1,6-diphosphatase deficiency. Essential fructosuria is a benign asymptomatic metabolic disorder caused by deficiency in fructokinase, leading to decreased conversion of fructose to fructose-1-phosphate and alimentary hyperfructosemia, but with no clinical dysfunction; may produce a false-positive diabetes test.

Year introduced: 1989

13.

Purine-Pyrimidine Metabolism, Inborn Errors

Dysfunctions in the metabolism of PURINES or PYRIMIDINES resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.

Year introduced: 1965

14.

Phosphorus Metabolism Disorders

Disorders in the processing of phosphorus in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.

15.

Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors

Dysfunctions in the metabolism of metals resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.

Year introduced: 1965

16.

Metabolism, Inborn Errors

Errors in metabolic processes resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.

Year introduced: 1965

17.

Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors

Errors in the metabolism of LIPIDS resulting from inborn genetic MUTATIONS that are heritable.

Year introduced: 1965

18.

Energy Metabolism

The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.

Year introduced: 1974,1963-1965

19.

Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors

Dysfunctions of CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.

Year introduced: 1965

20.

Calcium Metabolism Disorders

Disorders in the processing of calcium in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.

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