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The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.

Year introduced: 1963


National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, U.S., Health and Medicine Division

An organization that initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice. Was founded as the Institute of Medicine in 1970 and changed in 2016 to a Division of the Academies.

Year introduced: 2020 (1990)


Palliative Medicine

A branch of medicine concerned with preventing and relieving the suffering of patients in any stage of disease. Its focus is on comprehensive care and improving the quality of all areas of the patient's life.

Year introduced: 2015


Transfusion Medicine

The area of hematology that is concerned with the transfusion of blood and blood components, and in prevention and treatment of adverse effects from BLOOD TRANSFUSION errors.

Year introduced: 2014


Veterinary Sports Medicine

The field of veterinary medicine concerned with PHYSICAL FITNESS of animals in sports (horse racing, dog racing, etc.) and the diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries in animals.

Year introduced: 2014


Hospital Medicine

The branch of medicine concerned with the delivery of comprehensive medical care to hospitalized patients. Practitioners include physicians and non-physician providers who engage in clinical care, teaching, research, or leadership in the field of general hospital medicine.(from http://www.hospitalmedicine.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Hospitalist_Definition)

Year introduced: 2014


Molecular Medicine

The field of medicine concerned with understanding the biochemical basis of health and disease and involved in developing diagnostic and therapeutic methods that utilize MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques.

Year introduced: 2013


Precision Medicine

Clinical, therapeutic and diagnostic approaches to optimal disease management based on individual variations in a patient's genetic profile.

Year introduced: 2010


Travel Medicine

Multidisciplinary field focusing on prevention of infectious diseases and patient safety during international TRAVEL. Key element of patient's pre-travel visit to the physician is a health risk assessment.

Year introduced: 2010


Medicine, Mongolian Traditional

Medical practice indigenous to the peoples of Mongolia, developed over many years according to their culture, beliefs, and traditions.

Year introduced: 2010


Sleep Medicine Specialty

A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.

Year introduced: 2010


Wilderness Medicine

Skills and knowledge required for assessment and treatment of traumatic, environmental, and medical emergencies in remote geographic or wilderness environments.

Year introduced: 2009


Medicine, Korean Traditional

Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people of KOREA.

Year introduced: 2009


Infectious Disease Medicine

A branch of internal medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

Year introduced: 2009


Evidence-Based Emergency Medicine

A way of providing emergency medical care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise in EMERGENCY MEDICINE. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.

Year introduced: 2009


Integrative Medicine

The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional allopathic medicine and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.

Year introduced: 2009


Disaster Medicine

Branch of medicine involved with management and organization of public health response to disasters and major events including the special health and medical needs of a community in a disaster.

Year introduced: 2008


Bariatric Medicine

The discipline concerned with WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with OBESITY.

Year introduced: 2007


Regenerative Medicine

A field of medicine concerned with developing and using strategies aimed at repair or replacement of damaged, diseased, or metabolically deficient organs, tissues, and cells via TISSUE ENGINEERING; CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and ARTIFICIAL ORGANS and BIOARTIFICIAL ORGANS and tissues.

Year introduced: 2004


Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine

Controlled vocabulary of clinical terms produced by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO).

Year introduced: 2003

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