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The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.

Year introduced: HAND DEFORMITIES was heading 1966-1970


Hand Sanitizers

Preparations used as alternatives or supplements to hand washing with soap and water to destroy microorganisms and prevent transmission of pathogens. The active ingredient may be ETHANOL; 1-PROPANOL; or POVIDONE-IODINE in a gel, foam, or liquid solution.

Year introduced: 2014


Hand Transplantation

The transference of a complete HAND, as a composite of many tissue types, from one individual to another.

Year introduced: 2014


Hand Hygiene

Practices involved in preventing the transmission of diseases by hand.

Year introduced: 2013


Hand-Foot Syndrome

Chemotherapy-induced dermal side effects that are associated with the use of various CYTOSTATIC AGENTS. Symptoms range from mild ERYTHEMA and/or PARESTHESIA to severe ulcerative dermatitis with debilitating pain involving typically palmoplantar and intertriginous areas. These cutaneous manifestations are sometimes accompanied by nail anomalies.

Year introduced: 2012


Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy

Placement of one of the surgeon's gloved hands into the ABDOMINAL CAVITY to perform manual manipulations that facilitate the laparoscopic procedures.

Year introduced: 2011


Alien Hand Syndrome

An apraxia characterized by the affected limb having involuntary, autonomous, and purposeful behaviors that are perceived as being controlled by an external force. Often the affected limb interferes with the actions of the normal limb. Symptoms develop from lesions in the CORPUS CALLOSUM or medial frontal cortex, stroke, infarction, and neurodegenerative diseases (e.g., CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME, corticobasal degeneration).

Year introduced: 2010


Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome

An occupational disorder resulting from prolonged exposure to vibration, affecting the fingers, hands, and forearms. It occurs in workers who regularly use vibrating tools such as jackhammers, power chain saws, riveters, etc. Symptoms include episodic finger blanching, NUMBNESS, tingling, and loss of nerve sensitivity.

Year introduced: 2007


Hand Joints

The articulations extending from the WRIST distally to the FINGERS. These include the WRIST JOINT; CARPAL JOINTS; METACARPOPHALANGEAL JOINT; and FINGER JOINT.

Year introduced: 2006


Hand Bones

The CARPAL BONES; METACARPAL BONES; and FINGER PHALANGES. In each hand there are eight carpal bones, five metacarpal bones, and 14 phalanges.

Year introduced: 2006


EF Hand Motifs

Calcium-binding motifs composed of two helices (E and F) joined by a loop. Calcium is bound by the loop region. These motifs are found in many proteins that are regulated by calcium.

Year introduced: 2000


Hand Strength

Force exerted when gripping or grasping.

Year introduced: 1995


Hand Disinfection

The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.

Year introduced: 2013 (1982)


Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

A mild, highly infectious viral disease of children, characterized by vesicular lesions in the mouth and on the hands and feet. It is caused by coxsackieviruses A.

Year introduced: 1991(1975)


Hand Injuries

General or unspecified injuries to the hand.


Hand Dermatoses

Skin diseases involving the HANDS.


Hand Deformities, Congenital

Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the hand occurring at or before birth.

Year introduced: 1988


Hand Deformities, Acquired

Deformities of the hand, or a part of the hand, acquired after birth as the result of injury or disease.

Year introduced: 1971


Hand Deformities

Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the hand.

Year introduced: 1988


Patient Handoff

The transferring of patient care responsibility from one health-care professional to another.

Year introduced: 2013

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