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Items: 4

1.

Communicable Diseases

An illness caused by an infectious agent or its toxins that occurs through the direct or indirect transmission of the infectious agent or its products from an infected individual or via an animal, vector or the inanimate environment to a susceptible animal or human host.

2.

Communicable Diseases, Emerging

Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.

Year introduced: 2001

3.

Communicable Diseases, Imported

Infectious diseases originating in one geographically delineated ecosystem that are carried (by travel or immigration) to another geographically delineated ecosystem by an infected individual, animal, or disease vector.

Year introduced: 2018

4.

Noncommunicable Diseases

Diseases which are typically non-infectious in origin and do not transmit from an affected individual to others. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.

Year introduced: 2018

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