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1.

Cells

The fundamental, structural, and functional units or subunits of living organisms. They are composed of CYTOPLASM containing various ORGANELLES and a CELL MEMBRANE boundary.

Year introduced: 1972

2.

Renshaw Cells

Ipsilateral glycinergic inhibitory interneurons of the SPINAL CORD VENTRAL HORN which modulate recurrent firing of MOTOR NEURONS. They develop from embryonic progenitor domain V1.Ia inhibitory interneurons which also originate from V1 are responsible for reciprocal inhibition of MOTONEURONS.

Year introduced: 2015

3.

Endothelial Progenitor Cells

Cells derived from BONE MARROW that circulate in the adult bloodstream and possess the potential to proliferate and differentiate into mature ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.

Year introduced: 2015

4.

Atypical Squamous Cells of the Cervix

Morphological abnormalities of the cervical EPITHELIUM, usually revealed in PAP SMEAR, which do not meet the criteria for squamous CERVICAL INTRAEPITHELIAL NEOPLASIA or SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMAS of the CERVIX . It may be a sign of infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV).or sign of a benign (not cancer) growth, such as a cyst or polyp or, in menopausal women, of low hormone levels. More testing, such as HPV test, may be needed.

Year introduced: 2015

5.

Ependymoglial Cells

The macroglial cells of EPENDYMA. They are characterized by bipolar cell body shape and processes that contact BASAL LAMINA around blood vessels and/or the PIA MATER and the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.

Year introduced: 2014

6.

Sf9 Cells

Cell line derived from SF21 CELLS which are a cell line isolated from primary explants of SPODOPTERA FRUGIPERDA pupal tissue.

Year introduced: 2013

7.

MCF-7 Cells

An estrogen responsive cell line derived from a patient with metastatic human breast ADENOCARCINOMA (at the Michigan Cancer Foundation.)

Year introduced: 2013

8.

Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells

An epithelial cell line derived from a kidney of a normal adult female dog.

Year introduced: 2013

9.

Acinar Cells

Cells lining the saclike dilatations known as acini of various glands or the lungs.

Year introduced: 2012

10.

Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells

Endothelial cells that line venous vessels of the UMBILICAL CORD.

Year introduced: 2012

11.

Feeder Cells

Cells used in COCULTURE TECHNIQUES which support the growth of the other cells in the culture. Feeder cells provide auxillary substances including attachment substrates, nutrients, or other factors that are needed for growth in culture.

Year introduced: 2012

12.

Plant Cells

Basic functional unit of plants.

Year introduced: 2012

13.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Mesenchymal stem cells, also referred to as multipotent stromal cells or mesenchymal stromal cells are multipotent, non-hematopoietic adult stem cells that are present in multiple tissues, including BONE MARROW; ADIPOSE TISSUE; and WHARTON JELLY. Mesenchymal stem cells can differentiate into mesodermal lineages, such as adipocytic, osteolytic and chondrocytic.

Year introduced: 2019

14.

Side-Population Cells

A group of cells identified on FLOW CYTOMETRY profiles as distinct from the main group of cells by their ability to extrude the fluorescent dye Hoechst 33342, often a characteristic property of less differentiated progenitor and STEM CELLS.

Year introduced: 2011

15.

Pancreatic Stellate Cells

Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.

Year introduced: 2011

16.

Neural Stem Cells

Self-renewing cells that generate the main phenotypes of the nervous system in both the embryo and adult. Neural stem cells are precursors to both NEURONS and NEUROGLIA.

Year introduced: 2011

17.

Th17 Cells

A subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete INTERLEUKINS IL-17; IL-17F; and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.

Year introduced: 2011

18.

Mesophyll Cells

Large and highly vacuolated cells possessing many chloroplasts occuring in the interior cross-section of leaves, juxtaposed between the epidermal layers.

Year introduced: 2011

19.

Artificial Cells

Chemically synthesized structures which functionally resemble natural cells.

Year introduced: 2011

20.

HEK293 Cells

A cell line generated from human embryonic kidney cells that were transformed with human adenovirus type 5.

Year introduced: 2011

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