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Biocompatible Materials

Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.

Year introduced: 1973(1972)


Materials Testing

The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.

Year introduced: 1987


Coated Materials, Biocompatible

Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.

Year introduced: 1999


Tissue Scaffolds

Cell growth support structures composed of BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS. They are specially designed solid support matrices for cell attachment in TISSUE ENGINEERING and GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION uses.

Year introduced: 2008


Regenerative Medicine

A field of medicine concerned with developing and using strategies aimed at repair or replacement of damaged, diseased, or metabolically deficient organs, tissues, and cells via TISSUE ENGINEERING; CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and ARTIFICIAL ORGANS and BIOARTIFICIAL ORGANS and tissues.

Year introduced: 2004


Biomimetic Materials

Materials fabricated by BIOMIMETICS techniques, i.e., based on natural processes found in biological systems.

Year introduced: 2003



Water swollen, rigid, 3-dimensional network of cross-linked, hydrophilic macromolecules, 20-95% water. They are used in paints, printing inks, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. (Grant and Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Year introduced: 1999


Dental Implants

Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.

Year introduced: 1990



Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.



Silicone polymers which consist of silicon atoms substituted with methyl groups and linked by oxygen atoms. They comprise a series of biocompatible materials used as liquids, gels or solids; as film for artificial membranes, gels for implants, and liquids for drug vehicles; and as antifoaming agents.

Year introduced: 1991(1975)


poly(acrylonitrile-co-maleic acid) [Supplementary Concept]

used to make artificial membranes for biocompatible materials

Date introduced: February 27, 2005


dodecyl methacrylate [Supplementary Concept]

monomer unit of various acrylate polymers used to form gels,plastics and some biocompatible materials; structure in first source

Date introduced: December 10, 1998


2-(2',3',5'-triiodobenzoyl)ethyl methacrylate [Supplementary Concept]

used for making biocompatible materials

Date introduced: February 28, 1997



Three-dimensional biocompatible materials formed by cross-linking a hydrophilic polymeric component (e.g., HYDROGELS). They are typically spherical particles in a size range of 20-250 nm when used for drug delivery applications.

Year introduced: 2020


scholzite [Supplementary Concept]

has been used as a coating on biocompatible materials

Date introduced: April 16, 2017

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