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Tourette Syndrome

A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)

Year introduced: 1989(1966)

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Tree Number(s): C10., C10.228.662.825.800, C10.574.500.850, C16.320.400.820, F03.625.992.850

MeSH Unique ID: D005879

Entry Terms:

  • Syndrome, Tourette
  • Tic Disorder, Combined Vocal and Multiple Motor
  • Tourette Disease
  • Tourette Disorder
  • Tourette's Disease
  • Tourettes Disease
  • Tourette's Disorder
  • Tourettes Disorder
  • Tourette's Syndrome
  • Tourettes Syndrome
  • Chronic Motor and Vocal Tic Disorder
  • Gilles De La Tourette's Syndrome
  • Gilles de la Tourette Disorder
  • Combined Multiple Motor and Vocal Tic Disorder
  • Combined Vocal and Multiple Motor Tic Disorder
  • Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome
  • Gilles de la Tourette's Disease
  • Multiple Motor and Vocal Tic Disorder, Combined

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