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Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome

A systemic inflammatory response to a variety of clinical insults, characterized by two or more of the following conditions: (1) fever >38 degrees C or HYPOTHERMIA <36 degrees C; (2) TACHYCARDIA >90 beat/minute; (3) tachypnea >24 breaths/minute; (4) LEUKOCYTOSIS >12,000 cells/cubic mm or 10% immature forms. While usually related to infection, SIRS can also be associated with noninfectious insults such as TRAUMA; BURNS; or PANCREATITIS. If infection is involved, a patient with SIRS is said to have SEPSIS.

Year introduced: 2007 (1995)

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Subheadings:

Tree Number(s): C23.550.470.790, C23.550.835.900

MeSH Unique ID: D018746

Entry Terms:

  • Inflammatory Response Syndrome, Systemic
  • Sepsis Syndrome
  • Sepsis Syndromes
  • Syndrome, Sepsis
  • Syndromes, Sepsis

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