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Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.

Year introduced: 1978(1975)

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Tree Number(s): G05.360.600

MeSH Unique ID: D010957

Entry Terms:

  • Plasmid
  • Episomes
  • Episome

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