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Cilia

Populations of thin, motile processes found covering the surface of ciliates (CILIOPHORA) or the free surface of the cells making up ciliated EPITHELIUM. Each cilium arises from a basic granule in the superficial layer of CYTOPLASM. The movement of cilia propels ciliates through the liquid in which they live. The movement of cilia on a ciliated epithelium serves to propel a surface layer of mucus or fluid. (King and Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)

Year introduced: 1965(1964)

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Subheadings:

Tree Number(s): A11.284.180.165

MeSH Unique ID: D002923

Entry Terms:

  • Cilium

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