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Bungarotoxins

Neurotoxic proteins from the venom of the banded or Formosan krait (Bungarus multicinctus, an elapid snake). alpha-Bungarotoxin blocks nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and has been used to isolate and study them; beta- and gamma-bungarotoxins act presynaptically causing acetylcholine release and depletion. Both alpha and beta forms have been characterized, the alpha being similar to the large, long or Type II neurotoxins from other elapid venoms.

Year introduced: 1974(1973)

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Subheadings:

Tree Number(s): D20.888.850.325.139, D23.946.833.850.325.139

MeSH Unique ID: D002038

Entry Terms:

  • beta-Bungarotoxin
  • beta Bungarotoxin
  • kappa-Bungarotoxin
  • kappa Bungarotoxin
  • alpha-Bungarotoxin
  • alpha Bungarotoxin

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