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Mammalian pigment cells that produce MELANINS, pigments found mainly in the EPIDERMIS, but also in the eyes and the hair, by a process called melanogenesis. Coloration can be altered by the number of melanocytes or the amount of pigment produced and stored in the organelles called MELANOSOMES. The large non-mammalian melanin-containing cells are called MELANOPHORES.

Year introduced: 1972(1969)

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Tree Number(s): A11.409.750, A11.436.613

MeSH Unique ID: D008544

Entry Terms:

  • Melanocyte

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