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Sub-optimal OXYGEN levels in the ambient air of living organisms.

Year introduced: 2017 (1966)


Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain

A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.

Year introduced: 2000


Cell Hypoxia

A condition of decreased oxygen content at the cellular level.

Year introduced: 1990


Hypoxia, Brain

A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.

Year introduced: 2000(1963)


Fetal Hypoxia

Deficient oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD.

Year introduced: 2006 (1975)


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